Chicago-based architectural magnate Daniel H. Burnham left his print on Philadelphia (John Wanamaker Department Store, 1909; Land Title Building, 1897/1898) and on western Pennsylvania (Union Station, Pittsburgh, 1902). His firm Daniel H. Burnham & Co. achieved a national reputation for its leadership in the City Beautiful movement and also for its monumental contributions to that cityscape.
Burnham himself was born in Henderson, NY, but the family moved to the city where he would find success, Chicago, in 1854. After a lackluster academic showing, Burnham gained architectural experience with the great William LeBaron Jenney in Chicago; and after a sojourn in Nevada and more office experience in Chicago, he established a partnership with John Wellborn Root. After Root's death in 1891, Burnham reorganized the office as Daniel H. Burnham & Co., capitalizing on the talents of Charles Atwood as designer. In the coming years Burnham's reputation would grow, and he would utter that famous "Make no little plans, they have no magic to stir men's blood . . ."
In later years Burnham was one of the founders of the American Academy in Rome, a project designed to ensure American artists and architects a connection to the sources that Burnham valued so clearly in his firm.
Sandra L. Tatman.
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